Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and gradually need to loss of vision. Vision loss from glaucoma once is occurs it permanent.
Affecting about 67 million people globally, it is the second leading cause of blindness, next to cataracts. It is often called “The silent thief of sight” because the loss of vision it causes, usually occurs slowly over a long period of time. It diagnosed and treatment started early, it is possible to slow or stop the progression of disease. Medicines, laser or surgery is the treatment option.
The pressure of the eyes is often elevated in glaucoma and the goal of treatment is to maintain the eye pressure in the range 10-18 mm of Hg. If glaucoma patient thus has to have regular eye checkup to monitor the pressure of the eye ball.
Gluacoma also causes changes in the visual field, which the patient fails to notice in the initial stages, since it is confused to the periphery or sides. A detailed examination of the visual field –Peremetry- done properly can pick up this in the early stages itself. Hence a visual field (Peremetry) is always mandatory in such patients.
Once diagnosed early, glaucoma progression can very effectively be controlled with the use of eye drops.
If you have a history of glaucoma in your family, you run a high chance of having this condition. So do get yours eyes checked as soon as possible.