Diabetic Retinopathy ia the most common eye disease that affects diabetes patients. When damage
occurs to the retina it can eventually lead to blindness. High levels of blood sugar and blood pressure
cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina sometimes leading to their breakage and leaking of
blood and finally blindness.
80% of all people who have diabetes for 20 years or more develop diabetic retinopathy. The longer a person has diabetes, the higher is his or her chances of developing diabetic retinopathy.
The disease often has no early warning signs and the symptoms like diminished or blurred vision, double vision & appearance of floaters ( seeing moving black dots in the visual field) if at all, appear late in the course. Diabetic retinopathy can be diagnosed by a normal routine examination of the eye. Early monitoring, proper diagnosis and treatment can reduce the occurrence of new cases even up to 90%.
Visual acuity testing without and with pupil dilation, Ophthalmoscopy & slit lamp biomicroscopy, perimetry are all done to confirm the diagnosis and start early treatment.
Subject your eyes to regular complete chek-up at least once every year if your are a diabetic.
Always keep your blood sugar & pressure levels as near to normal as possible.
Maintain your body weight in the ideal range, exercise regularly, avoid use of tobacco and follow a healthy diet habit. This way you can prevent Diabetic Retinopathy from affecting your job, rest time, social interactions, reading habits, outdoor life etc and help you to maintain a high quality of living.